CompTIA’s State of the Tech Workforce, also known as Cyberstates, is the definitive guide to tech workforce trends, the number of available jobs in technology, and tech industry employment statistics by state, metro area and nationwide. The State of the Tech Workforce aggregates mountains of data and transforms it into easy to understand visuals and actionable insights.
See full report PDF for details or the interactive site.
The tech workforce consists of two primary components, represented as a single figure by the ‘net tech employment’ designation. The foundation is the set of technology professionals working in technical positions, such as IT support, network engineering, software development, data scientist, and related roles. Many of these professionals work for technology companies (41%), but many others are employed by organizations across every industry sector in the U.S. economy (59%).
The second component consists of the business professionals employed by technology companies. These professionals – encompassing sales, marketing, finance, HR, operations and management, play an important role in supporting the development and delivery of the technology products and services used throughout the economy.
Employer job posting data provides another layer of insight into the tech job market outlook. Because government labor taxonomies tend to lag the speed with which the market changes, job posting data provides a more up-to-date look at the skills and experiences employers seek.
Overall tech job postings among U.S. employers dipped during 2020 due to the pandemic hiring slowdown and then rebounded through 2021 and into 2022. During 2021 there were a total of nearly 3.6 job postings among U.S. employers, a 14% increase over the previous year. This is another confirmation of hiring momentum and strong demand for tech talent.
Across all tech occupation categories covered in this report, the median salary, also referred to as the 50th percentile or midpoint, was an estimated $94,058 in 2020, the most recent year of available data. This figure is more than double the median wage across all occupations of the U.S. labor force. Percentiles help to provide insight into how salaries progress throughout a tech career, with the upper levels at the 75th or 90th percentile range achieved through years of experience, training and certifications. The scatterplot graph to the right illustrates the degree to which salaries are affected by geographic location and a range of other factors. Please CompTIA’s IT Salary Calculator for an interactive mapping of of detailed salary data by location.
There are several approaches to assessing labor force characteristics. Numeric totals and relative percentages are good starting points. Taking it a step further, however, provides deeper insights and more context.
To measure overall race and ethnicity characteristics within the tech workforce, CompTIA’s State of the Tech Workforce uses a metric called Simpson’s Diversity Index. This index weights two key facets of race and ethnicity within the workforce – richness and evenness (or think of it as depth and breadth) and reflects it in a single metric. The metric is calculated across the 7 primary race and ethnicity categories captured by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Two or More Races, or White.
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